C100/B&C Observing Procedures
1. Accessing Data Acquisition Computer (Clarity)
- Username: obs100? (obs100a or obs100b)
- Password: check with the staff
- Open an xterm window
- cd /home/obs100?/DATA
- mkdir 20020914_15 (e.g.)
- cd 20020914_15
2. Start Detector Control Window bnc in Clarity
Open an IRAF window and go to the recently created directory (20020914_15)
In IRAF window type 'set stdimage=imt2048'
- From xterm window type 'bnc' to open detector control window: B&C
(v0.91) will open first, then bnc.tcl
3. Check instrument setup
4. Dome Flats
- We will use the 300/5000 grating tilted at an angle of 6:00 degrees.
We will use 150 and 450 microns for the narrow and wide slit,
respectively. Both grating tilt and slit width are set manually.
In order to avoid second order contamination in the red region of
the spectrum, we will use a GG495 blocking filter, which should be in the filter holder,
and has to be placed in and out of the beam manually. The staff members can
instruct you about these matters. Note the blocking filter should be used
for blue bright targets (i.e. supernovae with an exposure time of 5 minutes or
less). If the blocking filter is used for any targets be sure
to observe standard stars with and without the blocking filter. Its use is
recommended for bright blue targets (such as young type I supernovae)
in which second order blue contamination in the red par of the spectrum
may be an issue.
- In the bnc GUI set Decker to 35 and Prism to 0
- Take a 20 sec. He-Ne-Ar lamp with the narrow slit
to make sure that wavelength range is correct. Adjust grating tilt if needed.
On the bcn.tcl click on AUTO - ON and keep
it for the rest of the night. Then when
taking comp. lamps, only click ON - He-Ne-Ar, this will move the prisms
automatically; do the same for moving the prisms back by clicking
HeAr OFF (the prisms position will automatically go to 100)
- Check that arc lines are properly aligned with columns
- Check focus of spectrograph (near collimator value of 950)
- Set Decker to 35, and Prism to 100 in bnc GUI, and micrometer to
- Turn ON the quartz light adjust voltage to 480.
- Turn OFF platform lights
- In CCD window set object to "Dome_Flat", ExpType="Flat", loops=7 and
ExpTime as follows:
- 150u slit : 30 sec
- 450u slit : 15 sec
- Start sequence with START button
- When the sequence of flats is complete turn OFF quartz lamp
- Take a sequence of dome flats with each slit width.
- Take a sequence of bias frames. By setting ExpType=Bias ExpTime will
automatically go to 0s. Set loops=10.
- Set Imtype=object
- Ask NA to slew the telescope to the object coordinates and
to move the Cassegrain Ring in order to have the slit along the
parallactic angle (see table at the control room or execute the task bpangle
in the IRAF bnc packge in clarity).
- The night assistant will place the object on the slit, but it
should not be right in the middle (there's an arrow pointing to it) because
the comparison spectrum has a gap there (in between the prisms) and it will
be difficult to work with it during the reduction process; some 20 pixels apart
from the center is enough, although you can place it further away if wanted.
- In CCD window set exposure time, object to "object name", and click START
to begin exposure
- To take a comparison you only have to turn on the HeAr and Ne lamps in the
bnc GUI; and wait until the prisms position reads 0.
A 20s exposure will be fine for lamps.
- As aforementioned you may want to use the GG495 blocking filter for
bright targets. If so then first make a sequence without it, and then
go to the spectrograph, push the filter into the instrument/beam path and take another sequence
of the target.
- Before observing a spectrophotometric standard, open the slit to 450u.
If any targets were observed with the blocking filter make sure to
make a sequence of the standard stars with the blocking filter in place.
Do not take comparison lamps through the wide slit!
- As noted in the exposure time webpage we request that one telluric standard is observed
with a NARROW slit and high signal-to-noise. Follow this exposure with a comparison lamp.
See the exposure time page for a list of normal and telluric standards.
- If one is looking for a spectral atlas for identifing arc lamps we refer you to the IMACS
webpage. There you can find decent charts that will enable you to identify the HeArNe lines.